Uterine fibroids are also called leiomyoma or myoma of the uterus. Fibroids are basically the tumours (solid mass formed due to abnormal growth of cells) which grow from cells forming the muscle of the uterus (womb). Uterine fibroids can grow on the uterine wall and push out into the bladder, bowel or intestine. They can also grow within the uterine wall, or even project from the wall of the uterus on a narrow stalk into the uterine cavity.
Fibroids may vary in size and shape. Fibroids can range in size from small, pea-sized growths to large, round ones that may be more than 5-6 inches wide. As they grow, they can distort the inside as well as the outside of the uterus.
In some cases a large fibroid may become a reason for a caesarean delivery because it may block the opening of the uterus.
The reasons for the growth of fibroids are unknown. Heredity and changing oestrogen levels may contribute for the growth of fibroids. Symptoms
Uterine fibroids may cause some health problems. Some of the common symptoms of fibroids are as follows.
During a routine internal examination by the doctor most of the fibroids are found. The doctor notices a lumpy or irregular uterus. The doctors may ask for an ultrasound or a hysteroscope in order to get a clear picture.
There are various treatment options available for treating fibroids. However, a particular treatment option is chosen based on some important factors like the amount of pain or blood loss during menstrual periods, how quickly the fibroid is growing , age, desire to have children etc.
Some of the commonly used treatment options are:
Adenomyosis is a disease that occurs when the cells that normally line the uterus grow into the muscular tissue of the uterine wall. It is specifically located within the muscular portion of the uterus (myometrium). It is very difficult to treat because it is so diffuse and affects (typically) the entirety (or at least a large portion) of the uterus. It occurs most frequently in women over age 30 who have had a full-term pregnancy and is rare in women who have not had a full-term pregnancy.
Any particular cause of adenomyosis isn't known.
Some of the common symptoms of Adenomyosis are:
Pelvic examination may reveal an enlarged, slightly softened uterus, a uterine mass, or uterine tenderness.Request a Call Back
A hysterectomy may be necessary in women with severe symptoms who are not approaching menopause.
Endometriosis is the abnormal growth of cells (endometrial cells) similar to those that form the inside of the uterus, but in a location outside of the uterus. Endometriosis is most commonly found on other organs of the pelvis. Endometriosis is inflammation and thickening of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) fibroids are benign masses that grow in the uterus
The cause of endometriosis is unknown.
Endometriosis can be treated with medications and/or surgery. The goals of endometriosis treatment may include pain relief and/or enhancement of fertility.
Some of the most common treatment options are:
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