Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) is also known as Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) procedure. Uterine Artery Embolization represents a fundamentally new approach to the treatment of fibroids.
Uterine Artery Embolization is a minimally invasive or a non-surgical treatment used for the treatment of fibroid of the uterus. This procedure aims to reduce the blood supply to the fibroids, leading to shrinkage of the fibroids resulting in resolution of their symptoms.
The technique used to place catheter (a thin and flexible tube) into the uterine arteries in a Uterine Artery Embolization procedure is similar to that used in heart catheterization. Once catheter is placed into the uterine arteries physicians use an x-ray camera called a fluoroscope to guide the delivery of small particles of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to the uterus and fibroids. The PVA particles are injected through the catheter. These particles block the arteries that provide blood flow, causing the fibroids to shrink. These particles are about the size of grains of sand. Because fibroids are very vascular, the particles flow to the fibroids first. The particles wedge in the vessels and cannot travel to any other parts of the body. Over several minutes the arteries are slowly blocked. The embolization is continued until there is complete blockage of flow to the fibroids. This technique is essentially the same as that used to control bleeding that occurs after childbirth or pelvic fracture, or bleeding caused by malignant tumors. The blockage of the blood supply caused shrinkage of the fibroids resulting in resolution of their symptoms. This has led to the use of this technique as a stand-alone treatment for symptomatic fibroids.
The long-term effect that UAE may have on a woman's ability to have a child is not known. It may reduce chances of becoming pregnant for some women, but in others it may be just as likely that the chances will increase. Because the effect of uterine fibroid embolization on fertility is not fully understood, UAE is typically offered to women who no longer wish to become pregnant or who want or need to avoid having a hysterectomy, which is the operation to remove the uterus.
Apart from treating symptomatic fibroids, Uterine Artery Embolization procedure is also been used to stop severe pelvic bleeding caused by trauma, malignant gynecological tumors and hemorrhage after childbirth.Refer a Patient
Diagnosis starts with and medical examination and medical history taking by a doctor. Imaging of the uterus by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ultrasound is performed prior to the procedure to determine if fibroid tumors are the cause of your symptoms and to fully assess the size, number and location of the fibroids. The interventional radiologist will discuss the results with you.Post a Query
When I was diagnosed with uterine fibroids, I wanted to find out everything I could about them. My symptoms were text book symptoms: heavy bleeding, a lot of pain, anemia. I was referred to a gynecologist, who recommended hysterectomy. Basically the story was, well you've had your children. You don't need your uterus anymore. That just did not match my core belief about what my body was here for. I asked about alternative treatment, but was told that this was the only one available.
I went on the internet to know more about treatment of fibroids. I discovered that embolization was the right treatment for me. I came in the morning... it was simple... as simple as it was explained to me.... Read More
Rosalina Ngari, Kenya.
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